Stained Glass of Buckinghamshire Churches


NOTES ON USING THIS WEBSITE

NAVIGATION AROUND WEBSITE

Information can be found via Index Pages, all accessed from the tabs at the top of every page. As also listed on the Home Page, windows can be found by Church, Artists/Makers, Makers Marks, Dedicatees, Donors, Subjects, and Dates.

The Churches Index also shows how many windows are included for each church.

The Indexes for Artists/Makers, Makers Marks, Subjects, and Dates include the number of windows we list under each category.

The Dates Index groups dates by various numbers of years, to avoid any lists being too long.

All Indexes will lead you to a Church, and most will give you the option of going straight to a particular window in that church.

Further information is then shown in 3 tiers:

CHURCH PAGES: With thumbnails and a list of all the windows included on the website. Choose to look at any particular window.
WINDOW PAGES: With a thumbnail of the complete window, and usually thumbnails of detailed photos of that window.
Choose to look at any particular photo, or return to church page.
Or choose to look at any other window page for that church from a list of Code numbers.
IMAGE PAGES: Scroll forwards or backwards through the images for that window, or return to window page or church page.
Or choose to look at any other window page for that church from a list of Code numbers.

Every page has the same tabs at the top, to enable further searches via the Index Pages.

The information given on each type of page should mainly be self-explanatory, but below are some details of the criteria by which this website has now been set up.

INFORMATION FOR EACH CHURCH (when available)

IMPORTANT CHURCH NOTE - Any details about the current status of the church.

DENOMINATION - Type of Church and its administrative area (Deanery for Church of England).

LOCAL AUTHORITY DISTRICT - To give a rough guide to its part of Buckinghamshire.

BUILDING LOCATION - Geographical Address (not postal address) see below.

NEAREST POST CODE - Post code nearest to the entrance of the church.

O/S MAP REFERENCE / NGR - 10 digit Grid Reference.

LATITUDE & LONGITUDE - Lat & Long, and accurate Link to Google Map.

CHURCH WEB SITE - Link to church's own web site (or village website with church info).

CofE ACNY WEBSITE - Link to official "Church of England - A Church Near You" website.

BUCKSCHURCHES.UK WEBSITE - Link to our Architecture & History entry for church.

NOTES ON CHURCH - Any special information about the church.

NOTES ON STAINED GLASS - General information about the glass in a church, and the windows or information we have included.

CHURCH PLAN - Plan of church showing windows included, and orientation - see below. Click the link above a Church Plan to see a larger version, which includes links to each window.

THUMBNAILS OF COMPLETE WINDOWS - Choose any window to view in detail.

INFORMATION FOR EACH WINDOW (when available)

CODE NUMBER - Code Number of window in church (from 700 or 01 for E window) - see below.

LOCATION IN CHURCH - e.g. Chancel S (E2) - see below.

TYPE - Type of window - e.g. lancet, 2 light, 3 light, etc.

SIZE (width x height) - Approximate overall size of glass in a window (including stonework between panes) shown in Imperial & Metric measurements.

SUBJECT(S) - Items portrayed in window - see below.

SUBJECT NOTES - Any additional information.

MADE - Date made or fitted - see more below - see below.

CRAFTSMAN - Name of Designer / Artist / Painter / Maker - see below.

CRAFTSMAN NOTES - Any additional information.

MAKERS MARK - If the window has a mark - see below.

EVIDENCE FOR ATTRIBUTION - Evidence for naming Designer and/or Maker - see below.

DEDICATED TO - Person (or event) that window is dedicated to.

DONATED BY - Person that donated window.

FACULTY DATE - Date of church's official permission to fit window - see below.

NOTES ON WINDOW - Any special information about the window.

THUMBNAILS OF EACH IMAGE - Choose any image to view in detail.

INFORMATION FOR EACH IMAGE (when available)

DESCRIPTION - Details about image on that page.

IMAGE - An image showing: Window in situ / Overall View of Glass / Detailed Image / Inscription / Makers Mark.

PHOTOGRAPHER - Photographer of Image (with thanks).

SIZE OF IMAGES

As websites are now viewed on many different sized screens, we have reached a compromise and limited the photos to 750 pixels high and 800 pixels wide, to try and ensure that the whole photo will usually be visible. However, some of the photos, particularly "Overall Views of Glass", and some other highly detailed photos are available up to a maximum of 1000 pixels. Clicking on an image will open it in a new browser window, where it may be shown larger. Close that browser window to return to the sequence of images on a particular stained glass window.


Detailed Notes (accessed from links above):

Building Location

In towns and large villages, this will show the address within the town or large village. However, with many smaller villages, postal addresses can be confusing, as they often refer to towns well outside Buckinghamshire. So we have included distances to the nearest town or large village within Buckinghamshire.

Orientation of Churches, or Direction faced

Most churches lie on a West-East axis, with the Chancel (and conventional place for the Altar) being at the East end. So looking down the Nave from the West end, usually the North side is on the left, and the South side is on the right.

Occasionally churches, and often chapels, are built in a different orientation, usually because of the shape of a site, or so that the entrance faces the road.

In such cases, this web site treats the Chancel as the "Liturgical East end" so the window at the end of the Chancel will be known as the East window, and will be Number 01 (or 700) to conform with the standard numbering system (detailed below).

Church Plans are gradually being introduced to this web site which will identify the true orientation of each church.

Code Number

Each window in a church has a Code Number on this web site. The sequence starts with the East window, the numbers then proceed around the church in a clockwise direction. Windows on upper storeys, such as a clerestory, will usually be numbered as a separate sequence around the church, if they have any stained glass. The windows of porches, upper stories of towers, and later extensions such as vestries may not be included in the numbering sequence, unless they have stained glass.

Until October 2016 this website has used a numbering system similar to the one used by NADFAS for their church recording work, starting with 700 for the East window. However, for any particular church the numbers on this website may not have matched those in any NADFAS record that might exist for that church.

From November 2016 we will gradually be changing to a new series of Code Numbers which start with 01 for the East window. This will only apply to churches as we re-photograph them. Those churches will also then have Church Plans, which will make it easier to identify individual windows, by showing their Code Numbers and positions.

Location in Church

The windows in each church are listed in the order specified by the Numbering System (detailed above). The location of a window is described in this format:

Part of church, Direction faced (looking at window from inside), Order from east or west.

For example:

The introduction of Church Plans on this website will make it easier to identify individual windows.

Subject

Some large windows can include many subjects, so they will be listed together under details of the complete window. When possible we will try to separate them with individual images, and each will then have its specific subject noted.

Made

A window sometimes has the date on it, and sometimes the date is known from a faculty or an inscription or from other sources such as a guide to the church.

A year preceded by a dagger (†) indicates a date of death of the dedicatee, which will obviously have relevance in estimating the date of a window.

Craftsman (Designer / Artist / Painter / Maker)

The number of people involved in the production of a stained glass window could vary greatly. When we know any details, we have tried to indicate the different skills on our website. They could be individuals who designed and made their own windows in their own small studios. We refer to them as ARTIST / MAKER. On the other hand, they could be large companies who might make church furnishings as well. They could employ their own DESIGNERS, who often became famous themselves, and might get their work executed by PAINTER craftsmen. Alternatively, such a Designer might paint the glass as well, and we would term them an ARTIST. Finally, other craftsmen in a large workshop would combine the pieces of glass together with leadwork to make a complete window, and we would call them the MAKER.

Makers Mark and Mark Type

On some windows, from the 19th century onwards, the artist and/or the manufacturer has put a mark on the window. This is most frequently found in a bottom corner, but may be anywhere on the window. The mark may be a name, name and address, or a rebus - often a pun on the name of the maker.

The original version of this web site listed maker's marks by their catalogue type numbers from the original 1993 NADFAS Stained Glass Makers' Marks, which was amended in 1995. That list was superseded by the 2002 NADFAS Stained Glass Marks and Monograms, which was amended in 2009. From the March 2016 update of this website we have decided not to list the catalogue type numbers of maker's marks. However whenever possible, we will try to include images of the actual marks on the windows, which we think will mean more to most people, with or without access to the catalogues.

Faculty

In theory, the installation of a window requires authority from the Diocese, and this authority is referred to as a faculty. There are very rarely copies of a faculty in a church, but most can be found in the Diocesan records deposited at the County Record Office at Oxford. These documents sometimes give details of the date, manufacturer and/or the dedicatee of a window. Where we have evidence of a faculty, its date is included.

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Stained Glass of Buckinghamshire Churches

©2003-2013 Clifford and Monica Robinson

©2015-2018 Michael G Hardy